A Rise in The Plains
A natural cut between two prominent red sandstone bluffs leads one up to a plateau that overlooks the Washita River to the north. If one were standing on either the east or west bluff in May of 1865 they would have had a bird's eye view of Cottonwood Grove.
Scattered up and down the river were an estimated 800 teepees with up to 7,000 Plains Indians from over 20 tribes gathered for a Council. The future of their lives were at stake. The Civil War was winding down and they needed to make peace among themselves and also know where they stood with the United States. A treaty was drew up and delegates were chosen to go to Washington DC.
After the Civil War, Cottonwood Grove was given the name Camp Napoleon. All the ancient trees have been cut down and the small town of Verden, Oklahoma sits on the grounds of one of the Teepee encampments. The red sandstone pinnacles still stand!